The microcontroller is a controller component or control device that is small or micro. The shape of the microcontroller itself is a computer in the form of chips and is used to control electronic equipment to reduce efficiency and cost-effectiveness. Literally, it can also be said as a small controller where an electronic system used to require many other supporting components such as TTL ICs and CMOS can be minimized and more centralized and controlled by a microcontroller. Technically, the microcontroller is divided into two types, namely RISC and CISC. Aside from that, you might also need to see the best www.alarms247.ie for improving your home security.
The description of the two types of microcontrollers is as follows:
CISC (Complex Instructions Set Computer)
This type of microcontroller has a set of instructions that are quite complex and also complete. CISC has a complex system that influences its slow performance. By using this type, you are offered a strong instruction set. CISC is a computer architecture whose instructions will be to run a number of low-level operations in the form of load retrieval, arithmetic operations and also save into memory that works together.
CISC has the purpose to carry out an instruction with only a few lines discussing a fairly short engine so that the implications will be much less.
RISC (Residue Instructions Set Computer)
This type of microcontroller is part of the architecture of a small microprocessor. the RISC project was first created by IBM, Stanford and also UC-Berkeley in the late 70s to the early 80s. RISC has more internal facilities compared to CISC, but the number of instructions is just enough. The internal facilities referred to here are in the form of numbers and types of internal registers, timers and/or enumerators, ADC / DAC, comparator units, external and internal interruptions, and various other things.
The microcontroller also has peripheral content which can be used as a parallel port, serial port, comparator, digital to analog conversion (DAC), analog to digital conversion and many more. Even better, all of that is only by using a minimum system and not complicated or complex. Lamel (2006) explained that when compared, microcontrollers are far superior to microprocessors.